|Alkali Metal Sodium
|Silvery-white To Gray
Silvery white lkaline earth metals,
pure 99.5% alkaline earth metals,
sodium alkali metal for Chemical
Alkali Metal Sodium for Chemical
Sodium metal is mainly used in the production of lead-containing gasoline additives and petroleum desulfurizers, oxidants, bleaching agents, dyes, pesticides, pharmaceutical intermediates, catalysts, perfumes, sodium compounds used in the production of organic compounds.
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Technical indicators (Nuclear & Industrial Grade)
|Sodium (Na) ω/% >=
|Potassium (K) ω/% <=
|Calcium (Ca) ω/% <=
|Chloride (Cl) ω/% <=
|Iron (Fe) ω/% <=
|Heavy Metal (Pb) ω/% <=
Sodium at standard temperature and pressure is a soft silvery metal that combines with oxygen in the air and forms grayish white sodium oxide unless immersed in oil or inert gas, which are the conditions it is usually stored in. Sodium metal can be easily cut with a knife and is a good conductor of electricity and heat because it has only one electron in its valence shell, resulting in weak metallic bonding and free electrons, which carry energy. Due to having low atomic mass and large atomic radius, sodium is third-least dense of all elemental metals and is one of only three metals that can float on water, the other two being lithium and potassium.
Metallic sodium is used mainly for the production of sodium borohydride, sodium azide, indigo, and triphenylphosphine. A once-common use was the making of tetraethyllead and titanium metal;
Sodium is also used as an alloying metal, an anti-scaling agent, and as a reducing agent for metals when other materials are ineffective.
In organic synthesis, sodium is used in various reactions such as the Birch reduction, and the sodium fusion test is conducted to qualitatively analyse compounds. Sodium reacts with alcohol and gives alkoxides, and when sodium is dissolved in ammonia solution, it can be used to reduce alkynes to trans-alkenes. Lasers emitting light at the sodium D line are used to create artificial laser guide stars that assist in the adaptive optics for land-based visible-light telescopes.
Along with potassium, many important medicines have sodium added to improve their bioavailability; though potassium is the better ion in most cases, sodium is chosen for its lower price and atomic weight.
1. Reducing agent for organic synthesis and some metal smelting
2. catalyst for synthetic rubber
3. desulfurizer for petroleum
4. raw material for chemical and pharmaceutical products
5. a raw material for the manufacture of indigo powder
6. intermediate of pharmaceutical products
7. heat carrier of atomic reactor, coolant and rust remover
8. manufacture of various chemicals as sodium cyanide, potassium metal, titanium sponge, sodium peroxide etc.
Sodium Na for Textile Dyeing
Sodium Na for Pharmaceutical
Sodium Na for Petroleum
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